Unions and experts have warned the purchase of Newsquest’s US parent company Gannett by a rival publisher “known for aggressively slashing staff” could lead to a “dangerous loss of local reporting”.
Gannett is subject to a takeover bid launched earlier this month by MNG Enterprises, known as Digital First Media and owned by New York hedge fund Alden Global Capital.
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But, dozens of jobs have already been cut at Gannett’s US newspapers just a week after the takeover bid was made public, with claims the redundancies were planned after poor fourth-quarter results.
MNG has offered Gannett $12 per share, saying this is a 23 per cent premium on 11 January’s closing price of $9.75 and 41 per cent up from where the stock closed at the end of 2018.
Gannett’s shares jumped to $11.56 as a result of the offer. The company said its board of directors would review the proposal. Its stock is currently trading at $11.24 per share.
Reflecting on the potential aftermath of the takeover for Newsquest, Enders Analysis chief executive Douglas McCabe told Press Gazette: “A substantial proportion of the [UK’s] local press will be in the hands of hedge funds if this deal goes through.”
He said there was “every chance” a new US owner would want to unload Newsquest, the UK’s second largest regional publisher, after any sale, leading to a consolidation opportunity for Reach or JPI Media.
Johnston Press was bought by its bondholders who formed JPI Media after it entered administration in November last year. The majority bondholder is understood to be US hedge fund Goldentree Asset Management.
McCabe continued: “Both portfolios generally create decent cashflow and have decent margins, but they are not yet stable, with so much local and small business marketing expenditure flowing to the tech giants.”
But he said any such deal would need to be looked at by competition authorities.
Former Reach chief operating officer Mark Hollinshead has made a similar suggestion, telling The Drum the Gannett bid is “likely to be the starting pistol on the next wave of consolidation in UK press”.
“JP is in a strategic cul de sac and the owners need an exit plan,” he said.
“Newsquest coming together with Johnston Press would create a media business with commercial scale and with the right content model would create a bigger more relevant digital business built out of local content.”
Fears of ‘dangerous loss of local reporting’
The National Union of Journalists soon said it was “really concerned” about what the potential acquisition would mean for local newspapers in the UK.
US journalism union News Guild has also expressed strong views, saying in a statement: “A purchase of Gannett by Digital First Media would result in a dangerous loss of local reporting, more consolidation, and the strip-mining of Gannett’s newspaper assets at a time when the industry demands owners who are committed to reinvestment in journalism and when citizens need local news coverage more than ever.”
Dan Kennedy, associate professor at the Northeastern University School of Journalism in Boston, USA, told News Guild’s News Matters campaign, running in support of staff at Digital First Media, that although Gannett has its own reputation for staff cuts, DFM has reached new lows.
He said: “Gannett is no day at the beach, but at least Gannett is trying to figure out how to operate newspapers in long term. With DFM, it doesn’t seem there is any particular interest in surviving.”
According to News Guild officials, DFM has cut union staff at 12 of its newspapers from 1,552 in 2012 to 487 in December 2018 – a loss of nearly twice the US national rate.
And the company has closed or merged 21 newspapers since 2014, according to research by the Expanding News Desert project.
Kennedy said: “I think it’s terrible news for Gannett’s readers and anyone who works for Gannett.”
In a Q&A about the bid, the Poynter Institute, a major journalism school in the US, asked: “So Gannett’s news effort could be decimated? Probably, yes.”
Poynter’s media analyst Rick Edmonds described the takeover as “no sure thing”, saying the “23 per cent premium will be attractive to shareholders who have seen Gannett’s value falling, but it’s not huge”.
But, explaining how Digital First might want to run Gannett, Edmonds said: “By slashing costs in 100-plus local newsrooms and elsewhere in the operation.
“The deep cuts of the news staff at Digital First’s flagship Denver Post last year prompted an outcry from the journalists there.
“The Post’s editorial page editor (who subsequently left the company) published a section protesting the move. Digital First also has a record of not investing in content management systems and other technology.
“Analysts call this a milking strategy: harvesting profits while not caring about a sustained future.”
On Wednesday last week Gannett cut dozens of jobs in a cull described by Poynter as a “cost-cutting move that was anticipated even before the recent news that a hedge-fund company was planning to buy the chain”.
Edmonds said: “I don’t know how many newsroom jobs Gannett is cutting, but the move it is hardly surprising with a bad fourth quarter financially to be reported soon and more of the same expected for the first part of 2019.
“These cost reductions are typically planned at the end of the year, then carried out in January. So I doubt the layoffs and buyouts have anything to do with the Digital First Media takeover bid.”
But News Guild president Bernie Lunzer at least partially blamed Digital First Media, telling Poynter: “Gannett is choosing the low road here – a direct result of the hostile efforts at a takeover by Digital First Media…
“Both companies have lost sight of the critical product they are meant to provide – journalism. Newsrooms that could be preserved are being decimated for Wall Street when there are productive paths forward.”
Gannett to merge with third publisher instead?
Writing for Nieman Lab, news industry analyst Ken Doctor suggested Gannett could avoid the takeover by merging with Tribune Publishing, which owns 13 newsbrands including the New York Daily News, Chicago Tribune, and Baltimore Sun.
Gannett previously failed in a hostile takeover of Tribune in 2016, but Doctor said a deal done now could “blunt an aggressive Alden bid”.
“Both companies’ balance sheets are in better-than-average shape, and we’d hear a ton about the synergies of such a consolidation. But pricing and cash could still be formidable issues.”
Business website LA Biz reported that Gannett rekindled its courting of Tribune just weeks before MNG’s takeover bid.
Bloomberg Opinion columnist Brooke Sutherland wrote that the bid had given Gannett “a taste of its own medicine” following its failed pursuit of Tribune.
She said: “It’s hard to see this ending in any way but an eventual sale of Gannett, whether to Digital First or another buyer. Unfortunately, that will likely mean a bevy of job cuts.
“…Digital First claims it saves newspapers and jobs. But it’s difficult to explain to employees why it’s not financially viable to retain a few hundred journalists at the Post, but economically reasonable to launch a $1.6bn takeover bid. If that’s just business, then it’s also sad news.”
Gannett ‘not going in wrong direction’
Douglas Arthur and Craig Huber of media research and advisory firm Huber Research Partners published a report in which they found MNG’s offer of $12 per share is “not high enough”, saying it should go for $14 or more.
It added that Gannett is “on the right path with its digital growth push and legacy cost cuts” despite being underweight on the stock market.
In its letter to the Gannett board, MNG demanded the publisher “commit to a moratorium on digital acquisitions” – but Arthur and Huber disagreed with the implicit suggestion that Gannett has been “going in the wrong direction”.
They said Gannett’s “investment in digital media in its more than 100 local papers and opportunistic digital acquisitions” had seen it close in on $1bn in digital-based revenues, or 33 per cent of its total by the end of 2019.
“Along the way, [Gannett] has taken costs out of the legacy papers at an aggressive, almost 15 per cent overall rate, since early 2017 while maintaining a high-teens EBITDA margin in the papers given punishing ad pressure on traditional print.”
Strangely enough, the New York Post reported on Friday that Alden is actually looking to get rid of MNG – and could even sell it to Gannett.
Regardless, journalists in the UK have expressed nervousness about a potential sale of Gannett to MNG:
Gannett has been horrendous for Newsquest titles, and it now looks as though Gannett itself will be taken over by MNG Enterprises, who are known for ruthless cost-cutting. These are dark days for once-great titles like the South Wales Argus, Barry & District News, Penarth Times.
— Marcus Stead (@MarcusStead) January 14, 2019
— Will (@_WilliamCole) January 14, 2019
Federica Bedendo, mother of the chapel for the NUJ Newsquest group, has said: “Journalists within Newsquest already think this company has hit rock bottom and the prospect of being acquired by an organisation that’s renowned for cost-cutting and job slashing isn’t going to do anything to benefit our titles or indeed our working conditions.”
Katie Vogel, a former engagement editor and editorial board member at the Gannett-owned Enquirer in Cincinatti, tweeted: “Throwing rocks at the Enquirer/Gannett is practically a sacred practice in Cincinnati.
“But a takeover of Gannett by Digital First Media would make years of layoffs, closure of the printing plant and a washing machine cycle of editors look like child’s play.
“While the Enquirer is very far from perfect, I’d like to know who would pick up the slack if that newsroom (already gutted) is further cut by 30 per cent, the approximate cut made at the Denver Post by DFM.
“This is a frightening prospect for journalists who live in your community. But it’s actually an opportunity to completely re-examine this business model that has not worked. Nostalgia isn’t a business model. Slash-and-burn hedge fund management is not a business model.”
Other US journalists took to Twitter to express their concern over the possible takeover.
Dear @Gannett: I’ve worked for you for 11 years. We do important journalism in many great communities that depend on us. Through thick and thin, I have loved this job. Please don’t sell to these hedge-fund vampires. https://t.co/Ib1sizPMZj
— Brett Kelman (@BrettKelman) January 14, 2019
After watching what Gannett has done to my hometown paper–cutting most of the staff, outsourcing printing so far away local sports scores can't appear the next day–I'm fascinated to learn what fat Digital First thinks is left. https://t.co/AYvE6uWGi2
— Keach Hagey (@keachhagey) January 14, 2019
The only thing worse than working for a newspaper owned by Gannett is working for one owned by Digital First
— Ann Killion (@annkillion) January 16, 2019
If DFM takes over Gannett, it will basically be the end of the American newspaper industry. https://t.co/jyeNZjsArl
— Niraj Warikoo (@nwarikoo) January 14, 2019
Picture: Reuters/Larry Downing